Das bewusste Anerkennen, dass der öffentliche Raum Eigenschaften einschließt, die nur von innen erfahren werden können. Das Vorhandensein eines privilegierter kritischen Standpunkts und eines gemeinschaftlichen Konsens wird hinterfragt. Diese Position bietet keine Alternative zu einer externen Betrachtung und soll vielmehr eine Ergänzung darstellen. Mathias Mitteregger
Die Annahme von Humberto Maturana und Francisco Varela, dass jedes Individuum seine subjektive Welt konstruiert, ohne Zugang
zu einer objektiven Realität, bedeutet nicht, dass keine soziale Kontrolle der Konstruktionsleistungen unter den Menschen stattfindet. Die Sprache ermöglicht den Menschen Bereiche der sogenannten Konsensualität (im Sinne einer Einigung über die Beschaffenheit eines Umstandes oder einer Sache) und der über-individuellen Sinnstiftung, in denen sie existieren und die für sie Wirklichkeit sind. Diesen Bereich nennen Maturana/Varela den „Bereich sozialer Koppelung“. Sandrine Klot
In der Freudschen Metapsychologie werden die Inhalte des Unbewussten als lose organisiert beschrieben, während bewusstseinsfähige Inhalte vielfältige Symbolisierungssysteme einführen. Die meisten davon sind subjektiv und strukturieren die Sinneswahrnehmungen, während die Logik der Sprache eine kulturell entwickelte Logik darstellt, die zum Teil auch historische Besonderheiten aufweist, auf der die höheren kognitiven Funktionen basieren. Dadurch ist die Wahrnehmung ein zuerst rein subjektiver Prozess, während das (Nach-)Denken durch die sprachlichen Möglichkeiten und Einschränkungen objektiviert wird. Dietmar Bruckner
ISIS fighters converge on air base for next battle
officials‘ insistence that the Islamic State is on the defensive in Iraq.
Islamic State forces were said to be massing to meet the promised militia offensive, their arsenal bolstered by weapons, armored vehicles and tanks left behind when elite Iraqi government troops fled Ramadi on Sunday in the worst defeat for the Iraqi government since last summer’s loss of the northern city of Mosul.
Residents of Ramadi said hundreds of Islamic State fighters were streaming out of the city in the direction of the Habbaniyah air base, even as the leaders wholesale jerseys of the Shiite militias massing there said their offensive to retake the city was imminent. Jaafar al Husseini of the militia Kataeb Hezbollah told the Agence France Presse news agency that he thought the announcement of an offensive to retake Ramadi would come „tomorrow, God willing.“
Officials in Washington voiced confidence that the militias and Iraqi government forces would retake the city and pledged to continue airstrikes against the Islamic State.
„This is something we’ve known is possible for some time,“ said Army Col. Steve Warren, a Pentagon spokesman. „Ramadi has been surrounded for probably a year now.“
Using the Pentagon’s preferred acronym for the Islamic State, Warren added: „I think it’s notable that it took ISIL a year to get this far in Ramadi.“
Secretary of State John Kerry predicted that Iraqi forces would reclaim Ramadi in short order. „I am absolutely confident in the days ahead that will be reversed,“ he said at a news conference in the South Korean capital of Seoul.
But there were many questions about whether even a large force of militias and Iraq military units would be able to win a sustained confrontation with Islamic State fighters, whose recent offensives have shown a mastery of infantry tactics that’s impressed analysts, combined with suicide bombings that proved difficult to defeat at Ramadi. Other photos released by the group showed large amounts of captured cheap jerseys ammunition.
The Islamic State often has been better armed than its rivals in the Iraqi government, Shiite militias and Kurdish militias since last summer’s victories, thanks to its capture of military storehouses in Iraq and Syria after the June 10 fall of Mosul. Humvees, was particularly alarming. Islamic State militants reportedly have found the Humvee a chore to maintain but its armor makes it difficult to stop with small arms, which in turn makes it an ideal vehicle to turn into a suicide car bomb, the weapon that helped the Islamic State devastate Iraqi government positions in its Ramadi offensive.
In response to the Islamic State’s use of armored car bombs which the military calls vehicle borne improvised explosive devices, or VBIEDs the United States said last week that it would rush new supplies of shoulder fired rockets to Iraq.
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The head of the Anbar provincial council, Sabah Karhout, said in a statement to McClatchy that the militias were gathering at the military base at Habbaniyah, about 10 miles outside Ramadi. He said several hundred Sunni tribal fighters aligned with the government were expected to join the Shiite militias in the operation.
Even as the militias threatened to retake Ramadi, the Islamic State was said to be on the offensive in two other key locations in Anbar: Karmah and Baghdadi. The loss of Karmah would leave the Islamic State in complete control of Fallujah the largest city between Ramadi and the nation’s capital, Baghdad and losing Baghdadi would isolate the garrison that’s holding one of Iraq’s largest infrastructure facilities, at the Haditha Dam.
Meanwhile, there was little word from Ramadi, where phone service has been extremely limited since the Islamic State victory over the weekend. put the number at 25,000 thanks largely to Islamic State patrols that warned residents not to try to escape. Reports said the city’s streets were largely empty as residents remained in their homes.
Residents said Islamic State patrols were going door to door in search of government employees and others whose loyalty was suspect.
Residents described parades of victorious Islamic State fighters wholesale jerseys in armored vehicles, many of which still bore the insignia of the elite army units that had abandoned them over the weekend.
They said the Islamic State fighters were pouring out of the city in the direction of Habbaniyah to establish their positions for what most expect will be a fierce battle between the group and the Shiite militias. „Hundreds of Daash fighters are moving toward the base,“ said one resident, using an Arabic acronym for the group. „We pray the fighting will not happen inside the city itself.“
One Iraqi security official said late Monday that skirmishes had already begun on the outskirts of Ramadi. The official said the Iraqi government had begun canceling some domestic flights out of Baghdad International Airport, about 60 miles cheap jerseys outlet away, because of concerns that stray rounds might strike passenger jets or the Islamic State might target commercial airliners.
James Rosen in Washington, McClatchy special correspondent John Zarocostas in Geneva and special correspondents in Irbil and Baghdad, whose identities are being withheld for security reasons, contributed to this report.Articles Connexes：